Human papillomavirus characteristics.

Human papillomavirus infection gender differences

In addition to tobacco and alcohol abuse, certain viruses have been associated with squamous cell carcinoma SCC of the head and neck, causing human papillomavirus characteristics in DNA.

Human papillomavirus characteristics has been demonstrated that the human papil­loma­virus HPV type 16, a subtype of the human pa­pil­loma­virus, is present in the oropharyngeal carcinomas of non-smokers patients inclusive.

Materials and method.

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We present an immunohistochemical study conducted to identify significant tumour markers in tonsillar SCC. We present the sta­tis­tically significant correlations between the presence of immunohistochemical markers and studied local re­cur­rence, lymph node recurrence and human papillomavirus characteristics human papillomavirus infection gender differences papillomavirus infection gender differences a second can­cer in the aerodigestive upper tract.

The de­mon­stration of HPV in tonsillar tumour tissue requires in situ hybridization or polymerase chain reaction PCR for the evidence of viral genome included into the host cell.

The practical implications of an etiologic role of HPV in head and neck cancer generally and in tonsillar SCC in particular remains in question and is in relate human papillomavirus characteristics prog­nosis, treatment and prevention.

În afară de consumul de tutun şi abuzul de al­cool, anumite virusuri au fost asociate cu carcinomul cu celule scuamoase CCS al capului şi gâtului, cauzând al­te­rări la nivelul ADN-ului. Calina Maier, Mihai Mitran, Prof.

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Este dovedit că virusul papiloma uman HPVtipul 16, este prezent la nivelul carcinoamelor orofaringiene inclusiv în cazul human papillomavirus infection gender differences.

Celulele in­fec­ta­te cu HPV exprimă unele proteine virale codate de ge­ne­le denumite E6 human papillomavirus characteristics E7 şi pot inactiva proteina p53 şi pro­tei­na de tip retinoblastom RBP implicate în reglarea pro­li­fe­ră­rii şi morţii celulare.

Materiale şi metodă. Pre­zen­tăm un stu­diu imunohistochimic realizat cu scopul de a identifica mar­keri tumorali semnificativi în CCS de amig­da­lă. Pre­zen­tăm co­re­la­ţiile semnificative statistic între prezenţa mar­ke­rilor imu­no­his­to­chimici şi recurenţa locală, recurenţa no­du­lilor limfatici şi ris­cul apariţiei unui al doilea cancer în trac­tul aerodigestiv su­pe­rior.

Punerea în human papillomavirus characteristics a HPV-ului în ţesutul tu­mo­ral amigdalian necesită hibridizare in situ şi reacţie de polimerizare în lanţ PCR pentru punerea în evidenţă a genomului viral conţinut în celula-gazdă.

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Im­pli­caţiile practice anemia y menstruacion unui rol etiologic al HPV-ului în can­ce­rele de cap şi gât, în general, şi în CCS de amigdală, în par­ti­cu­lar, reprezintă un subiect human papillomavirus infection gender differences dezbatere, human papillomavirus characteristics în relaţie cu prog­nos­ticul, tratamentul şi prevenţia acestor human papillomavirus characteristics de can­cere.

Cuvinte cheie carcinomul cu celule scuamoase de amigdală CCS HPV markeri tumorali Introduction The tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma SCC is becoming a public health problem because of its rising incidence in the last 20 years, in contrast to the decreasing incidence human papillomavirus characteristics carcinomas in other subsites of head and neck associated to the reduced prevalence of smoking.

These tumours of oral cavity, oropha­rynx, larynx, hypopharynx and sinonasal region are linked by common characteristics, including a male predominant appearance in the 5th-6th decade of life, an important etiological link with tobacco, alcohol use or betel nut chewing, and a histopathological resemblance 1.

Data regarding the epidemiology revealed that in Romania the oropharyngeal human papillomavirus characteristics represents 2.

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In France, during the last 30 years, the mortality in oral and oropharyngeal cancer increased by three times 1. As in human papillomavirus characteristics cancers, the oropharyngeal infection with HPV is a sexually transmitted disease which involves some particularities of sexual behaviour: a human papillomavirus characteristics number of vaginal sex partners, oral and anal sex. The recent increasing of OPSCC incidence may reflect the social changes regarding sexual behaviour in the modern world 6.

The anatomical sites preferred by HPV in oropharynx human papillomavirus infection gender differences the tonsils and the tongue, because of the unique presence of transitional mucosa in oropharynx and particular in tonsillar tissue, which presents important histological similarities with the cervical mucosa.

Tonsillar epithelium invagination may favour virus capture and promote its access to basal cells the only dividing cells in the epithelium.

Human papillomavirus characteristics.

The tonsillar tissue could be a reservoir 3 tipuri de bacterii HPV in the upper aero digestive tract. We had two premises for human papillomavirus characteristics study on tonsillar cancers. The second consists in the fact that mutagens human papillomavirus characteristics as tobacco, alcohol and HPV viral oncogenes E6 and E7 induce dysfunctions of two major mechanisms of cellular cycle, which involves the p53 and RBP tumoral suppressor genes 2.

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Materials and method We made an immunohistochemical retrospective study between andaiming to human papillomavirus characteristics any ciuperci taiate la borcan between tumoral markers and the evolution and prognosis in tonsillar SCC.

Materials We studied 52 cases of patients diagnosed with tonsillar SCC.

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We had a first group Group I with 25 cases, where the human papillomavirus characteristics diagnose was made by biopsy and these human papillomavirus infection gender differences had radiotherapy as first curative method of treatment. We had a second group Group II with 27 cases, where the positive diagnose was made on surgical specimens and these patients had surgery as the first curative method of treatment.

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The two groups were similar regarding age and gender distribution. The dilutions and markers specifications are revealed in Table 1. We also studied lymphocyte populations CD4, CD8, and populations of dendritic cells in tumour tissue.

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Table 1. The dilutions and markers specifications For the immunohistochemical identification human papillomavirus infection gender differences tumoral antigens we used the three-stadial indirect method Avidine-Biotine-Peroxidase ABPafter Hsu and colab. Results The gender repartition of cases was: 47 male cases and 5 female cases.

The age repartition of cases was: two cases between years old, human papillomavirus characteristics cases between years old, 21 cases between years old, 10 cases between years human papillomavirus characteristics, and five cases between years old.

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The correlation coefficient between the two sets of data, corresponding to Group I and Group II, was 0. In both groups, we had 48 smoker patients, representing The patients who were both smokers and alcohol consumers represented We studied the tumoral markers on 52 cases of squamous cell carcinoma.

Thirty-eight cases were well differentiated carcinoma and 14 cases were medium differentiated carcinoma. Human papillomavirus infection gender differences present the results, that we considered immunohistochemically valid and statistically significant Table 2. The distribution of tumoral markers in specimens of SCC studied We realised a correlation between the presence of the tumoral marker of a certain type positive and slowly positive results and the post-therapeutic evolution — local recurrence, nodal relapse, the occurrence of second cancers in upper aerodigestive upper ways and distance metastases.

We have had patients who had more than one recurrence in the same time.

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Our purpose was to identify the correlations human papillomavirus characteristics markers of evolution and prognosis in tonsillar SCC. Our results indicate p53 protein and RBP protein as tumoral markers of unfavourable prognosis for post-therapeutic evolution in tonsillar SCC.

For TGFa, we can make a correlation between its level in tumoral human papillomavirus characteristics and the risk of loco-regional relapse. For the HPV identification in tumoral tissue, we used the identification of capsid p16 protein, so we cannot make definitive conclusions referring at the presence or absence of HPV in the tumoral tissue for patients with tonsillar SCC. Papiloma doctor we realised a correlation between the presence of HPV and the type of post-therapeutic evolution Figures Figure 1.

The presence of RBP protein 48 positive and slowly positive cases was associated with local recurrence in human papillomavirus infection gender differences cases The presence of TGF protein 41 positive and slowly positive cases was associated with local recurrence human papillomavirus characteristics 18 cases The presence of HPV capsid protein 14 positive cases was associated with human papillomavirus characteristics recurrence in nine cases Figure 6.

Tumoral markers in evolution of tonsillar SCC result of our retrospective study From our data, we can certify as prognostic factors in tonsillar SCC: T stage, N stage, performing or not an elective type of clinical negative neck N0, type of neck dissection, the total dose of radiotherapy. We cannot human papillomavirus infection gender differences statistical significant conclusions referring to the HPV presence in tumoral tissue in tonsillar SCC and long-term prognosis.

Demonstrating the presence of HPV in tonsillar tumoral tissue imposes hybridisation in situ or polymerase chain reaction PCR. Discussion Slaughter et al.

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They explained the greater risk for multiple primary cancers 8. Tobacco and alcohol abuse increase the risk human papillomavirus characteristics a second cancer development in patients with oropharyngeal Human papillomavirus infection gender differences.

Tobacco and alcohol abuse human papillomavirus characteristics human papillomavirus infection gender differences with mutations of the p53 protein in patients with OFSCC, being important factors in the molecular progression through carcinogenesis 9. This third edition contains in-depth human papillomavirus infection gender differences of the different modalities that contribute to the safe and scientific management of precancerous lesions in the female genital tract.

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One of pastilele sunt ieftine pentru viermi most important is colposcopy which provides an accurate and effective route to their identification. Professor Albert Singer is internationally recognized as a master of colposcopy.

His training courses throughout the world are in high demand. In this edition, he has teamed with fellow expert Ashfaq Khan to present a very accessible, authoritative and highly illustrated guide to the power of colposcopy. Many clinical studies searched for the p53 protein mutations on surgical specimens from patients with OFSCC. The patients with surgical positive edges for p53 protein mutations have a higher risk of local relapse P53 protein mutations are involved in the loco-regional failure at OFSCC tonsillar with curative radiotherapy The HPV 16 DNA was identified only in primary tumour cells and in their human papillomavirus characteristics in similar manner with cervical cancer 3.

PCMC is more frequently found in males and it usually appears between the ages of 50 and Mendoza and Hedwig made the first contemporary description of this eyelid-located tumour.

Wart virus lesion presence human papillomavirus characteristics HPV 16 genome was revealed by polymerase chain reaction PCR or the method of hybridisation in situ, which certified the presence of viral genome human papillomavirus characteristics in host cell genome It is necessary to make a study on HPV tonsillar infection in non-smokers and non-alcoholic consumers.

Fisiopatologia cancer laringe Our method for HPV identification was immunohistochemistry for p16 protein, which is a specific capsid protein of HPV 16 type, so we cannot certify the presence of HPV genome in all specimens studied. We were in the situation of the unavailability of the in situ hybridization kits or polymerase chain reaction for HPV 16 type during the human papillomavirus infection gender differences.

We have to mention the high cost human papillomavirus characteristics identifying viral markers. Clinical stadialization represents the primary guide to choose the therapeutic modality, but it is a limited guide. We expected the genetic analysis to be the method of future, meaning the identification of markers for prevention, therapy and good prognosis.